South Korea releases L3 autonomous driving safety standards
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As the technological development of high-level autonomous vehicles continues to advance, commercialization and the setting of related safety standards have gradually become important concerns in the industry.
On the 5th, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korea released the "Autonomous Vehicle Safety Standards" (revised edition, hereinafter referred to as "standards"), which proposed conditional autonomous vehicle (L3) safety standards for some functions of autonomous vehicles. Become the first country in the world to develop safety standards and commercialization standards for L3 autonomous driving.
According to the standards issued by South Korea, the main contents involved include: automatic lane keeping of L3 level autonomous vehicles, monitoring of the driver's condition in emergency situations during driving, and automatic deceleration and startup when manual responses are not made in time. Emergency warning signals, auxiliary functions such as danger reduction.
In addition, according to the above standards, in order to ensure the safety factor of the driver, the revised standard requires that if facing emergency situations such as highway exits and road repairs in the process of driving, the driver should be prompted 15 seconds before. Manually taking over the vehicle and asking the OEM to design the technology should be equipped with an identification system. Only when the driver's hips fall on the seat can the automatic driving system be activated.
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism also stated in the communique that in the next one to three years, safety standards for L4-level autonomous driving technologies such as automatic parking and lane change will be proposed, and through the introduction of pilot safety regulations and standards, Increase the influence of South Korea and Korean companies in the global autonomous driving market.
China Business News reporters learned from the Korea Road Traffic Act and related laws that Korean law stipulates that a technology that is first installed in a car for sale should go through a six-month grace period after the relevant safety standards and regulations are announced. , Cars equipped with this technology can apply for relevant certifications, and can be sold out of the factory in the context of meeting relevant safety standards and rules, which also means that consumers in the Korean market will be available as soon as July this year A car equipped with an L3 level autonomous driving function and driving on a non-experimental road in South Korea.
In addition, the Korean Parliament introduced the “Automotive Accident Compensation Law” (Amendment) in April 2019. The bill proposes that as drivers at the L3 level are required to be ready to take over autonomous vehicles at any time, if an accident involving an L3 level autonomous vehicle is involved , The main responsible person is still the driver himself; and stipulated that in the event of an accident, the insurance company should first replace the owner to compensate the victim. Autonomous vehicles will then be inspected for defects to determine whether the car manufacturer should be jointly and severally responsible for the accident.
During the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics, South Korea's Hyundai Motors conducted L4 level unmanned driving tests on 3 hydrogen-fueled vehicles and 2 Genesis vehicles, and jointly proposed with the Korean government to target some L4 levels by 2024. Commercialization of self-driving cars and a strategic route to fully commercialize L3 autonomous vehicles as soon as possible.
Kim Tae-nin, chairman of the Korea Automotive Industry Association (KAMA), said in an interview with the First Financial Journalist that, unlike Internet companies with weak engineering collaboration experience, they proposed the idea of promoting self-driving cars from the L4 level, and from the current technology of Korean OEMs In terms of research and development speed, the L3 level of autonomous driving technology has basically matured, and more is undergoing stability-related tests. It is believed that South Korea can promote external self-driving car business by advancing safety standards and setting a six-month buffer period. Focusing on the issue, we will conduct "finding leaks".
The report released by the Prospective Industry Research Institute shows that by 2021, the global self-driving car market is expected to reach USD 7.03 billion. As an important part of autonomous driving that “goes out” from the laboratory and testing roads, countries on technology Competition for safety standards is also increasing.
At present, the world ’s most recognized standard is the autonomous driving classification standard proposed by the American Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE); according to this standard, L1 to L2 levels are “assisted driving” levels, and are regarded as L3 levels. It is an "autonomous driving car", in which L3 level is conditional automatic driving, and the driver still needs to "should be ready to take over the vehicle" under the instruction of the automatic driving system, while starting at L4 level, as long as certain conditions are met, the car can drive completely autonomously. The driver does not need to be prepared to take over the vehicle.
The first national standard for "Automotive Driving Automation Classification" developed by the National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee, China Automotive Industry Center, Changan Automobile and other organizations and enterprises. After nearly three years of research, it has recently passed the National Automotive Standardization The technical committee reviews and plans to officially release it in 2020; In addition, the "Autonomous Vehicle Framework Document" initiated by China and jointly proposed by other countries also won the 178th plenary meeting of the United Nations World Vehicle Regulation Coordination Forum in September 2019. Consideration by.
The Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission has published the "Guidelines on Accelerating Road Testing of Autonomous Vehicles in Beijing (Trial)" and the "Implementation Rules of Beijing Autonomous Vehicle Road Testing Management (Trial)". , Application process, monitoring agency, etc. have detailed regulations, but laws and regulations at the national level are currently being formulated.
Liu Miao, a teacher of the School of Automotive Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering and Technology believes that China was behind in the development and implementation of standards for autonomous driving, but has been catching up quickly in the near future; and pointed out that although some Internet companies have proposed skipping L3 and entering the high level above L4 The feasibility of autonomous driving, but frequent errors during the experiment, in addition to the emergence of accidents, system safety and other emergency safety standards still have to be introduced. Liu Miao said: "Therefore, the outlook is optimistic, but maintaining the highest level of caution with regard to each link is the most correct attitude towards autonomous driving."
(Responsible editor: Gong Lei)